5th Grade

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Fifth Grade @ Dalton Learning Academy

The student…

  • decodes words to clarify pronunciation, uses context clues and predicting to construct meaning
  • develops vocabulary by reading independently and using resources and references
  • monitors reading on or above grade level by adjusting reading rate summarizing and checking other sources
  • identifies examples of fact, fiction or opinion
  • reads and organizes information from reference materials to write a research report or perform other tasks
  • demonstrates knowledge of and supply use of graphic organizers/thinking maps to organize information in all
  • content areas
  • uses strategies to determine meaning and increase vocabulary (ex. Homonyms, prefixes, suffixes, word-origins, multiple meanings, antonyms, and synonyms)
  • identifies, classifies and demonstrates knowledge of words from a variety of categories an or above grade level
  • determines the main idea and connects ideas with relevant supporting details
  • describes how the author’s purpose and perspective influence the text
  • knows characteristics of persuasive text
  • understands comparison and contrast, cause-and-effect and sequence of events

The student will…

  • write a 5 paragraph essay (Narrative and Expository) with correct punctuation and proper sentence structure
  • write using the writing process consisting of six traits; ideas, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, voice, and conventions

Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations
The student…

  • reads, writes and identifies decimals through thousandths
  • reads, writes and identifies whole numbers, fractions, and mixed numbers
  • uses symbols to compare and order whole numbers, fractions, percents, and decimals
  • explains the relationship between the decimal number system and other number systems
  • demonstrates the inverse feature of multiplication and division
  • uses strategies to estimate quantities of one thousand or more
  • expresses a whole number as a product of its prime factors
  • knows that place value relates to powers of 10
  • translates problem situations into diagrams, models or numerals
  • multiplies common fractions and decimals to hundredths
  • determines the operations needed to solve one and two-step problems
  • finds factors of numbers to determine if they are prime or composite
  • determines the greatest common factor and the least common multiple of two numbers
  • applies rules of divisibility and identifies perfect squares to 144

Algebraic Thinking
The student…

  • describes, extends, creates, predicts and generalizes or eliminates the numerical and geometric patterns
  • analyzes number patterns and states the rule
  • uses a variable to represent a given verbal expression
  • identifies and explains numerical relationships and patterns using algebraic symbols
  • models and solves a number sentence with a missing addend
  • translates equations into verbal and written problems

The student…

  • develops formulas for determining perimeter, area and volume
  • classifies and measures (ex., acute, obtuse, right or straight) and measures circumference
  • compares length, weight, and capacity using customary and metric units
  • measures dimensions, weight, mass and capacity using correct units
  • estimates length, weight, time, temperature and money for solving problems
  • solves problems for determining perimeter, area and volume
  • determines whether a solution needs an accurate or estimated measurement
  • uses multiplication and division to convert units to measure
  • uses schedules, calendars and elapsed time to solve problems
  • estimates area, perimeter, and volume of a rectangular prism
  • selects appropriate unit and tool for measuring

Geometry and Spatial Sense
The student…

  • knows and identifies symmetry, congruency, and reflections in geometric figures
  • describes properties of and draws two and three-dimensional figures
  • applies and compares the concept of area, perimeter, and volume
  • knows how to identify, locate and plot ordered pairs of whole numbers on a graph
  • knows the relationship between points, lines, line segments, rays and planes
  • knows the effect of a flip, slide or turn on a geometric figure
  • knows the effect on area and perimeter when figures are combined, rearranged, enlarged or reduced

Data Analysis and Probability
The student…

  • selects the appropriate graph for data
  • chooses titles, labels, scales, and intervals for organizing data on a graph
  • completes and interprets circle graphs using common fractions or percents
  • uses technology to examine data and construct labeled graphs
  • uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
  • explains and predicts outcomes that are most likely to occur and tests the predictions
  • interprets and compares information from different types of graphs
  • generates questions, collects responses and displays data on a graph
  • identifies range, median, mean and mode
  • uses computer-generated spreadsheets to record and display data
  • uses a model to represent all possible outcomes for a probability situation
  • designs a survey to collect and display data on a complete graph
  • uses statistical data to predict trends and make generalizations

The Nature of Science
The student…

  • identifies and explains the reasons for documenting scientific activities
  • identifies, explains, and describes, or applies the scientific process (i.e., accurately reporting and analyzing data, reaching logical conclusions that reflect the data, repeating investigations for validity, asking new questions, and communicating results
  • knows to compare and contrast observations and results is an essential skill in science
  • identifies ways in which people impact others, including inventions and discoveries
  • knows that data are collected and interpreted in order to explain an event or concept
  • knows that before a group of people build something or try something new, they should determine how it may affect other people
  • knows that through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas
  • identifies how the scientific method affects progress

Processes that Shape the Earth
The student…

  • knows that larger rocks can be broken down into smaller rocks, which in turn can be broken down to combine with organic material to form soil
  • knows that 75% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water
  • identifies the factors that alter the surface of Earth over short and long periods of time
  • knows that some changes in the Earth’s surface are due to slow processes and some changes are due to rapid processes.

The Nature of Matter
The student…

  • identifies properties and uses appropriate tools (e.g., rulers, balances, thermometers) to determine the properties of materials (e.g., density and volume)
  • identifies different materials made by physically combining substances and/or identifies similarities and differences between mixtures and solutions

Force and Motion
The student…

  • knows that an object may move in a straight line at a constant speed, speed up, slow down, or change direction dependent on net force acting on the object
  • knows that the more massive an object is, the less effect a given force has
  • identifies the net force acting on an object and describes the motion of that object

The student…

  • knows how to trace the flow of energy in a system (e.g., as in an ecosystem)
  • identifies the source of energy by their source and properties
  • knows that most things that emit light also emit heat
  • knows the many ways in which energy can be transformed from one type to another
  • knows that various forms of energy can be measured in ways that make it possible to determine the amount of energy that is transformed
  • knows ways that heat can move from one object to another

Earth and Space
The student…

  • identifies and describes how the position of Earth in relation to the Sun impacts Earth and knows the effects of energy available to organisms
  • identifies factors that change the amount of sunlight reflected from the moon to the Earth

Processes of Life
The student…

  • knows that living things are different but share similar structures
  • knows that living things compete in a climatic region with other living things and that structural adaptations make them fit for the environment
  • identifies factors that benefit or slow down the development of different organisms in an ecosystem
  • identifies and explains the process and importance of photosynthesis
  • identifies characteristics of an organism that increases its probability of reproducing
  • knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions that are related
  • identifies the effects that changes in habitat have on organisms

Social Studies
The student…

  • study United States History through 1865, starting with the human migration to North America and ending with the conclusion for the Civil War